Drawing a Dialogue, Episode 4: The Wertham Special

Drawing a Dialogue is a podcast discussing comics in historical + educational contexts by Cathy G. Johnson and e jackson.

Episode 4: Infamously known as the author of the 1954 book Seduction of the Innocent + blamed for the demise of the Golden Age of comics, German psychiatrist Fredric Wertham is more than a censorship scapegoat. Cathy + e discuss his career as a medical psychiatrist, advocate for African American mental healthcare, + talk about the biases + legitimacies behind this controversial figure.

Contact: drawingadialogue@gmail.com, Twitter

Subscribe: iTunes, or any podcast app you may use!

ep4dad.png
Artwork by e jackson.

Artwork by e jackson.

Episode Citation (chronologically as mentioned in podcast):

  • Wertham, F. (1954). Seduction of the innocent. New York: Rinehart.
  • Petersen, R. S. (2011). Comics, Manga, and Graphic Novels: A History of Graphic Narratives. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.
  • "90% of children" - Tilley, C. L. (2012). “Seducing the Innocent: Fredric Wertham and the Falsifications That Helped Condemn Comics.” Information & Culture, (4), 383-413. doi:10.7560/IC47401
  • Gabriel N. Mendes, Under the Strain of Color - Cornell University Press
  • Gabriel N. Mendes, interview - New Books Network
  • Bart Beaty, Fredric Wertham and the Critique of Mass Culture - University Press of Mississippi
  • "Reflections on “Emil Kraepelin: Icon and Reality”." American Journal of Psychiatry, 173(3), pp. 300–301
  • Lerner, R. M. (1986). Concepts and theories of human development. New York: Random House.
  • "Behaviorism," this was a definition from my professor at Brown University -Cathy G.
  • Scientific racism - Wikipedia
  • Nyberg, A. K. (1998). Seal of approval: the history of the comics code. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
  • Tilley PDF - Academia
  • Tof Eklund - ImageTexT
  • Anastasi, Anne. (1958). Heredity, environment, and the question “How?. Psychological review. 65. 197-208. 10.1037/h0044895.
  • García Coll, Cynthia & Lamberty, Gontran & Jenkins, Renee & Pipes McAdoo, Harriet & Crnic, Keith & Wasik, Barbara & Vazquez Garcia, Heidie. (1996). An Integrative Model for the Study of Developmental Competencies in Minority Children. Child development. 67. 1891-914. 10.2307/1131600. - PDF
  • Precious Stephens - gnovis
  • Killing Us Softly - Link
  • American Psychological Association (correction: in the podcast, we say "Psychology Today") - Albert Bandura, Violence in the Media

Drawing a Dialogue, Episode 3: Memoir Comics and the Personal as Political

Drawing a Dialogue is a podcast discussing comics in historical + educational contexts by Cathy G. Johnson and e jackson.

Episode 3: Using the graphic novel My Lesbian Experience with Loneliness as a jumping off point, Cathy + e talk about recent memoir comics + build a context through political performance art + social justice in art education. (This episode discusses human sexuality + uses some mature language.)

Contact: drawingadialogue@gmail.com, Twitter

Subscribe: iTunes, or any podcast app you may use!

ep3dad.png
Artwork by e jackson.

Artwork by e jackson.

Episode Citation (chronologically as mentioned in podcast):

  • My Lesbian Experience with Loneliness by Nagata Kabi: Seven Seas
  • Nagata Kabi interview: Pixivision
  • Women and Autobio Comics Roundtable: TCJ
  • Thierry Groensteen: University Press of Mississippi
  • Harriet Earle: Academia
  • Elisabeth El Refaie: University Press of Mississippi
  • Deirdre Heddon: Academia
  • Wimmen's Comix: Wikipedia
  • General performance art info: The Art Story
  • Megumi Igarashi: The Cut
  • What Is Obscenity?: Koyama Press
  • NIC Kay: Artist website
  • Aatmaja Pandya: One Percent Press
  • Bianca Xunise: Artist website
  • Higu Rose: Artist website
  • Joseph Liatela: Artist website
  • Coco Fusco + Guillermo Gómez-Peña interview: Bomb
  • Bishop, R. S. Mirrors, Windows, and Sliding Glass Doors. (Reprinted from Perspectives: Choosing and Using Books for the Classroom. Vo. 6, no. 3. Summer 1990.)
  • Dhankhar, E., & Bhati, A. S. (2016). Toward an Alternative Classless Society Through Comics. IUP Journal Of English Studies, 11(1), 14-19.
  • Cabedo-Mas, A., Nethsinghe, R., & Forrest, D. (2017). The Role of the Arts in Education for Peacebuilding, Diversity and Intercultural Understanding: A Comparative Study of Educational Policies in Australia and Spain. International Journal Of Education & The Arts, 18(9-12), 1-27.
  • Powell, K., & Serriere, S. (2013). Image-Based Participatory Pedagogies: Reimagining Social Justice. International Journal Of Education & The Arts, 14(15),
  • Eglinton, K. A., Gubrium, A., & Wexler, L. (2017). Digital Storytelling as Arts-Inspired Inquiry for Engaging, Understanding, and Supporting Indigenous Youth. International Journal Of Education & The Arts, 18(5),
  • Deirdre Heddon: Academia
  • Jones, S., & Woglom, J. F. (2016). On Mutant Pedagogies: Seeking Justice and Drawing Change in Teacher Education. Rotterdam: Sense .
  • Mark Johnson: University of Chicago Press

Drawing a Dialogue, Episode 2: History of High Culture and Gatekeeping in “The Arts”

Drawing a Dialogue is a podcast discussing comics in historical + educational contexts by Cathy G. Johnson and e jackson.

Episode 2: Cathy + e talk about the evolution of high culture, Clement Greenberg (that guy!), how the Arts keeps the average person at arm’s length, and how comics can combat it.

Contact: drawingadialogue@gmail.com, Twitter

Subscribe: iTunes, or any podcast app you may use!

ep2dad.png
Artwork by e jackson.

Artwork by e jackson.

Episode Citation (chronologically as mentioned in podcast):

  • Greco-Roman academic traditions, advent of the printing press, etc: Norman Rockwell Museum
  • Matthew Arnold - Culture and Anarchy - Britannica
  • "Decorative Arts" - Link
  • Clement Greenberg, 1939, Avant-Garde and Kitsch - PDF
  • Clement Greenberg on Pop Art - YouTube
  • Arthur Danto, The Artworld - PDF
  • Simon Grennan - Image & Narrative
  • International Art English (IAE) - Triple Canopy
  • "Art museum membership" - Comiskey, D. S. (2016). “Drawing Conclusions.” Indianapolis Monthly, 40(2), 58.
  • "Diamond Comic Distributors, 268% growth" - Miller, J. J. (n.d.). Comichron: Yearly Rankings for Comic Book Sales - Comichron
  • MacDonald, H. (2013). How Graphic Novels Became the Hottest Section in the Library. Publishers Weekly, 260(18), 20-25 - Publishers Weekly
  • "Reading is a social activity" - Knoester, M. (2009). Inquiry into urban adolescent independent reading habits: Can Gee’s theory of Discourses provide insight? Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 52(8), 676-85.
  • Beaty, B. (2012). Comics Versus Art. Toronto : University of Toronto Press, c2012.
  • Brunetti, I. (2011). Cartooning: Philosophy and Practice. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Adams, J. (1999). “Of Mice and Manga: Comics and Graphic Novels in Art Education.” Journal Of Art & Design Education, 18(1).
  • Malchiodi, C. A. (1998). Understanding Children’s Drawings. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
  • Bayles, D., & Orland, T. (1993). Art & Fear: Observations on the Perils (and Rewards) of Artmaking
  • Erin La Cour, Comics as a Minor Literature - Image & Narrative

Further reading:

  • Tip of the Tongue by Vincenzo Latronico (response to IAE hypothesis) - Frieze

What are we reading?

  • Universal Harvester by John Darnielle
  • Boku no Hīrō Akademia (My Hero Academia) by Kōhei Horikoshi

Drawing a Dialogue, Episode 1: Comics Defined + The “Reluctant Reader” Ethos

Drawing a Dialogue is a podcast discussing comics in historical + educational contexts by Cathy G. Johnson and e jackson.

Episode 1: Introduction episode! Cathy + e talk about how comics have been defined throughout history, how + why comics were adopted into English classrooms, + the “reluctant reader” idea.

Email us at: drawingadialogue@gmail.com

Follow us at: @drawadialogue on Twitter

Subscribe on: iTunes, or any podcast app you may use!

ep1dad.png

Episode Citation (chronologically as mentioned in podcast):

  • Franny Howes - UFL
  • Rodolphe Töpffer - UFL + Dartmouth
  • Martin Sheridan, Colton Waugh + "The Yellow Kid" - Comics Vs. Art by Bart Beaty, full citation below.
  • Scott McCloud - Understanding Comics, HarperPerennial, 1994
  • Depression-era comics history - Petersen, R. S. (2011). Comics, Manga, and Graphic Novels: A History of Graphic Narratives. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.
  • Beaty, B. (2012). Comics Versus Art. Toronto : University of Toronto Press, c2012.
  • Maughan, S. (2016). Graphic Novels Surge in the Educational Market. Publishers Weekly, 263(34), 22.
  • L. Snyder, personal communication, January 20, 2017
  • Gallo, D. R. (2001). How Classics Create an Aliterate Society. The English Journal, 90(3), 33-39. doi:10.2307/821305
  • "Adolescent reading habits" - Knoester, M. (2009). Inquiry into urban adolescent independent reading habits: Can Gee’s theory of Discourses provide insight? Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 52(8), 676-85.
  • "14%" - Slater, D. (2016, September). The uncomfortable truth about children’s books. Mother Jones
  • Bishop, R. S. Mirrors, Windows, and Sliding Glass Doors. (Reprinted from Perspectives: Choosing and Using Books for the Classroom. Vo. 6, no. 3. Summer 1990.)
  • Tim Smyth, "Overcoming Obstacles," published in BookShelf magazine, issue #23, Summer 2017
  • Franny Howes quoted again (see above)

Further Reading:

  • Image&Narrative Vol 17, Number 4 Comics in Art/Art in Comics - Link

 

In The Classroom - Spring Break!

Every Spring Break I get to teach a one-day workshop with students ages 6-13. This community center time is a great opportunity for students to explore creativity outside of school hours. We focus on the joys of cartooning, and everyone leaves the class with finished collaborative projects, their own comic stories, and lots of ideas for the future! -Cathy G.

Students playing a favorite drawing game borrowed from the Providence Comics Consortium workbook, "Food Chain!"

Students playing a favorite drawing game borrowed from the Providence Comics Consortium workbook, "Food Chain!"

A teen student carefully inks and colors her comic, which is a social commentary on beauty standards.

A teen student carefully inks and colors her comic, which is a social commentary on beauty standards.

Students use their sketchbooks and worksheets to prep for their final stories.

Students use their sketchbooks and worksheets to prep for their final stories.

I wanted to finish this blog post with this awesome two-page story by a young student (click the images to view larger!). Here are some questions to mull over when reading other people's art:

  1. What are the visual elements of this story? (colors, characters, environment)
  2. What are the words used alongside the visuals? How do the words add to the story?
  3. What are the emotions of this story? Is there one mood, or does the mood change?
  4. What do you see when you absorb all these elements together? (visuals + words + mood)